Well Woman Blood Test
The Welzo Well Woman Blood Test is used to analyse a variety of biomarkers that can indicate problems which may require further treatment, such as concerns related to heart disease and cancer.
- HDL % of total
- Non HDL Cholesterol
- Transferrin Saturation
- Uric Acid
- Vitamin B12 active
- Total Protein
- Total Cholesterol
- HDL Cholesterol
- LDL Cholesterol
- Vitamin D
Who is this for?
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Globulin is a group of proteins produced by the liver and the immune system of the body. Globulin helps to keep the body healthy and fight infections as well as germs. Globulin is also very important to create blood clots and avoid excessive external bleeding caused by injury.
Total Protein measures the amount of two classes of proteins present in the blood: Albumin and Globulin. Albumin is mainly responsible for preventing the fluid in the bloodstream from leaking out. Whereas Globulin is produced by the liver as well as the immune system. The function of globulin is to strengthen the immune system by fighting germs as well as infections.
The gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) test is undertaken to measure the amount of the GGT enzyme in the blood. GGT's function in the body is to transport molecules and aid the metabolization of toxins and drugs within the liver. A high GGT reading can be due to liver damage or disease, these may include hepatitis or cirrhosis. Testing Gamma GT is also important for bile duct infection and monitoring alcohol abuse.
Alkaline Phosphate (ALP)
Alkaline Phosphate (ALP) is an enzyme that is found in the liver, kidney, bones and digestive system. If ALP levels are detected in the bloodstream and are above the reference range, it indicates liver disease or bone disorder.
Triglycerides are a blood fat playing an essential part in the healthy function of your body. Triglycerides are the body's primary storage method for fat and can be used as an energy source. Triglycerides are created in the liver, and while they are essential for energy and fat storage, having elevated levels of triglycerides can lead to cardiovascular issues. Therefore it is crucial to monitor your triglycerides when checking overall cholesterol levels.
HDL % of total
HDL (high-density lipoprotein) percentage of total calculates the amount of HDL you have compared to your total cholesterol level. This specific test biomarker assesses your cardiovascular risk by calculating the total amount of 'good' vs 'bad' and total cholesterol you have in your blood. Doctors and heart disease assessment calculators use this % of the total to evaluate your overall cardiovascular health.
Non HDL Cholesterol
While we are individually measuring your HDL and LDL levels in this test, we will also carry out a non-HDL cholesterol check. This essentially includes all harmful cholesterol in your blood sample and is considered a primary indicator and risk assessment tool for cardiovascular health. Non-HDL levels should generally be below 4mmol/L. HDL and LDL levels can then be monitored to evaluate how any implementation of diet and lifestyle changes impacts your individual cholesterol levels, helping you to optimise your lifestyle based on your biomarkers.
Creatine is a component of the muscles in the body, the breakdown of this component releases creatinine. Creatinine is a waste that is excreted by the kidneys. A high level of creatinine indicates that the kidney is unable to filter and excrete the waste product out of the body.
Glycated haemoglobin also referred to as HbA1c, is a more accurate long-term measure of glucose levels (blood sugar levels) in your blood. Haemoglobin is part of the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your bloodstream. Testing HbA1c measures long-term glucose levels, as glucose attaches to your red blood cells, with these cells living for around 14 weeks on average. This is ideal for monitoring diabetes and pre-diabetic susceptibility because it can provide insight over a three-month period prior to testing.
Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)
Too much and too little iron in the body can lead to problems. The Total Iron Bounding Capacity Test measures the amount of iron within the bloodstream. The test also measures how well the iron is transported around the body via the transferrin. Anaemia is the condition of not having enough iron in the blood. Having too much iron in the blood is rarely caused by an overdose of vitamins or supplements and can cause symptoms ranging from feeling tired and weak to an irregular heart rhythm.
Transferrin Saturation is tested to measure how much the protein is saturated by iron that it will then transport around the body. The transferrin binds itself to iron and ensures it delivers the haemoglobin and oxygen the iron has provided to the muscles to be used as energy for movement.
Uric acid is a waste substance formed out of chemical compounds named purines that naturally form inside the body. Purines can mostly be found in food substance such as anchovies, dried beans, beer, and wine. Kidneys filter uric acid from urine and infuse them as crystals in the bodily tissues. An excessive amount of uric acid-infused causes Gout. Gout is a form of arthritis that causes joint pain, especially in fingers, toes, wrists, and ankles. Uric acid is also increased inside the body due to cancer treatments. Alternatively, too little uric acid in the blood is a symptom of liver or kidney disease.
Vitamin b12 active
Vitamin B12 is a vitamin that's essential for many functions in your body, including red blood cell production and nerve function. Vitamin B12 can be found in food, supplements, and fortified foods. If you don't get enough vitamin B12, you may develop anaemia or nerve damage. A normal vitamin B12 level is 200 to 900 ng/mL. If you have a low vitamin B12 level, your doctor may recommend that you take a supplement or eat foods that are fortified with vitamin B12.
To check inflammation levels, we conducted an advanced CRP evaluation. C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a protein found in the blood which increases in response to inflammation. CRP is produced by the liver in response to inflammation. It is a biomarker of inflammation that is strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease, such as heart attack and stroke. High levels of CRP are found in people with chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, and in people who have had a recent heart attack or stroke. CRP is not a specific marker for any one disease, but it is a valuable indicator of inflammation.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is made in the pituitary glands and plays an essential role in sexual functioning. FSH is one of the gonadotropic hormones, the other being LH. FSH helps regulate the women's ovaries and stimulates the growth of ovarian follicles. FSH is also involved in oestradiol products. For this reason, FSH is part of Welzo's cutting edge female fertility home test due to its vital role in healthy female sexual function.
FT3 or free tri-iodothyronine is one of the two critical hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Its deficiency/excess is responsible for most of the thyroid related health issues because of its stronger impact even though it constitutes the lesser fraction as compared to the other hormone, FT4. Menopause blood test detects the amount of FT3 which is not attached to a protein and help to understand thyroid functioning.
Albumin is a protein present in blood plasma and plays a binding role like SHBG. Albumin is produced by the liver. Albumin will help to detect any issues in the functioning of the kidney or liver. It prevents the fluid in blood vessels from leaking out.
Alanine transferase (ALT)
Alanine transferase (ALT) is an enzyme produced in the heart and liver cells. The testing of ALT will detect how much ALT is in the bloodstream but cannot show how much damage has been caused to the liver. The test is important to determine the health of the liver especially if drugs, heavy alcohol use or viruses (hepatitis) have been present. Lower ALT results have mostly indicated a healthy liver but healthy ALT ranges will depend on many factors, such as age and sex.
When red blood cells break down it produced a brownish-yellow pigment called Bilirubin. At built up of bilirubin within the bloodstream may be the cause of jaundice or liver disease.
Total cholesterol measure the total amount of cholesterol in your blood, including HDL and LDL. Cholesterol is created in the liver and plays an important role in multiple bodily functions such as; creating vitamin D and bile and being the membrane of all of your body's cells. Cholesterol helps to transport fatty acids around through the blood, and can act as a great indicator for your heart health, such as predispositions to cardiovascular issues such as a heart attack and heart disease.
HDL is an abbreviation for high-density lipoprotein and is often referred to as the 'good cholesterol' because of its role in removing other forms of cholesterol from your body. HDL can help to protect your heart and blood vessels due to its anti-inflammatory effect, anti-oxidant properties and its ability to remove excess fat to the liver for processing. Therefore having optimal HDL levels is essential to your health. Our Welzo HDL test will identify your HDL levels and give insight into improvements that need to be made to help boost your HDL levels.
LDL or Low-density lipoprotein helps the body transport fat such as Triglycerides. However, LDL is often referred to as the 'bad' cholesterol because when your LDL levels are elevated, you face an increased risk of cardiovascular issues. These include heart attack and heart disease. This occurs as LDL can lead to fatty deposits accruing in the artery walls leading to atherosclerosis.
Urea is a product produced by the body on the breakdown of proteins and is excreted by the body as urine. Urea serum levels need to be within the range of 2.5 - 7.0 mmol/L. An increase in this level can be harmful to the kidney and cause kidney failure in severe cases. It can also cause dehydration or cardiac issues. Urea is measured to check the functioning of the renal gland.
estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR)
The estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) is a test to check the filtration status of the kidney. If the renal gland is not functioning effectively, the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate will be lower than 60. A range of 60 or higher is considered a normal range.
Iron is a mineral found within the blood, and is needed to help create haemoglobin which is a protein in the blood responsible for the transport of oxygen within the body's blood cells. If the body does not have enough haemoglobin, the muscles do not get enough oxygen and cannot work properly. It is important for people to have the correct amount of iron otherwise they will feel more tired and become Anaemic. The body's iron stores are sourced from one's diet and from the breakdown and turnover of red blood cells. When a test reveals low iron levels, a change in diet or added supplements can be used for treatment.
Unsaturated Iron Binding Capacity (UIBC)
Unsaturated Iron Binding Capacity indicates the amount of iron that has not yet been saturated by the transferrin. Iron needs to be bound to the protein transferrin so it can be transported to the bone marrow to produce haemoglobin and red blood cells.
Ferritin is the protein that stores iron in the body. Iron is needed to provide muscles with oxygen so that they receive the energy they need to function properly. Ferritin will release the iron when needed and is kept within the body's cells, most commonly found in the liver. We check ferritin levels to ensure that there is proper storage of iron in the body's cells otherwise the iron will be depleted quickly.
Vitamin D is a vitamin that's essential for many functions in your body, including bone and muscle health. Vitamin D can be found in food, supplements, and fortified foods. If you don't get enough vitamin D, you may develop osteoporosis or muscle weakness. An average vitamin D level is 20 to 50 ng/mL. If you have a low vitamin D level, we may recommend that you take a vitamin D supplement or eat foods fortified with vitamin D.
Folate, folic acid or a vitamin B test checks for the serum levels of folate in the blood. Folate is essential in the healthy creation and regulation of your body's red blood cells. A typical folate rate is considered 2.7 to 17 nanograms per millilitre (ng/mL). A result lower than 2.7 ng/ml can mean you have a deficiency.
The Oestradiol Blood Test can detect the levels of Oestradiol in the blood. Women who have attained the age of 50 and above, and are on their way to menopause have the lowest amounts of Oestradiol in their blood. This can lead to hot flashes, infertility issues, osteoporosis, night sweats and mood swings. A hormonal imbalance can significantly affect the physical and mental well being of an individual. Men that are concerned about abnormal breast tissue growth and women facing abnormal menstrual cycles can take the Oestradiol Blood Test to find the underlying issue. Along with the report, we also provide our Certified Doctor's comments.
Luteinising Hormone (LH) is made by your pituitary gland and plays a vital role in healthy sexual function. In women, LH helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and ovulation. It is also critical when triggering the release of eggs from the ovaries, and Luteinising Hormone levels increase significantly before ovulation. LH is essential when checking female fertility levels, as imbalanced LH levels can cause fertility issues in the long run.
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) or thyrotropin is secreted by thyroid gland, located in the throat, and can help identify cases of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both the excess and under secretion of TSH can lead to weight loss, anxiety, palpitations, irregular sleep patterns and irregular menstrual cycles. Hypothyroidism is majorly associated with overlapping symptoms as menopause.
Why take the test?
The Well Woman Blood test has been designed to check the function of the circulatory system, immune system, endocrine system, urinary system and cardiovascular health. This blood test will check whether you are suffering from any inflammation or infection in the body. It will also determine if you have any vitamin deficiencies that need to be looked after. It is also suitable for those women suffering from PCOS or PCOD, to check the level of thyroid hormones.
A well woman blood test is a routine medical exam that checks for problems or conditions that may affect a woman's health. The test includes a variety of screenings, including for HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis. It can also help identify risk factors for heart disease and cancer. The well woman blood test is typically recommended for all women over the age of 18, though some women may need it earlier or later depending on their health history. Talk to your doctor if you're not sure whether you need a well woman blood test.
The test generally takes just a few minutes to complete and is relatively painless. Results are usually available within a few days. If any abnormalities are found, a doctor will recommend appropriate treatment. A well woman blood test is an important part of preventive health care. It can help catch problems early, when they're most treatable.
Women are more likely to experience certain health problems than men. This is due, in part, to the many physiological differences between men and women. For example, women are generally smaller than men, and their organs are typically positioned differently inside their bodies. As a result, women's health issues can often differ from those of men. Women may need different types of screenings or preventive care in order to stay healthy. Here are some important health checks that all women should undergo regularly:
It is also important for women to be aware of their own bodies and to report any changes or concerns to their healthcare provider. Women should also take steps to promote their own health, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. By taking care of their health, women can greatly reduce their risk of developing serious health problems.
Experts Opinion on Well Woman Tests
"This is a comprehensive panel of tests that looks at hormones, cholesterol, and thyroid function among many other markers. This test may be able to help you understand certain health risks associated with a lifestyle or genetic condition and give you the opportunity to optimise your overall health."
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