Male Hormone Blood Test
Male Hormone Blood Test
A male hormone blood test is a test that measures the levels of testosterone in your blood. Testosterone is a hormone that is produced by the testicles. It plays a role in the development of male characteristics, such as muscle mass and beard growth. A low testosterone level can cause problems such as reduced muscle mass, increased body fat, and decreased bone density. A male hormone blood test can help diagnose low testosterone levels.
Male Hormone Blood Test at Home
If you are experiencing symptoms of low testosterone, such as decreased muscle mass, fatigue, and reduced sex drive, your doctor may recommend a male hormone blood test. The test can help determine whether your symptoms are caused by low testosterone levels. If the test shows that your testosterone levels are low, your doctor may prescribe testosterone replacement therapy to help improve your symptoms.
- Luteinizing Hormone
- Free Androgen Index
- Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
- DHEA Sulphate
- Free Testosterone
Prolactin is a hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland and is also called the lactogenic hormone. Prolactin is essential for breastfeeding women to stimulate the production of milk. Low levels of Prolactin are usually not a cause for concern however, high levels of prolactin in males and females (non-lactating) may indicate infertility, low sexual drive and erectile dysfunction in men.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is secreted by the pituitary gland and plays an essential role in regulating ovulation in females and testosterone in males. The menstrual cycle in females is also controlled by LH. A high level of LH along with FSH in the bloodstream indicates a decreased sex steroid production which can be a cause of infertility in both males and females.
Testosterone is a steroid hormone found in males and females however, its role is amplified in males. It is responsible for the regulation of libido, bone and muscle mass, mood changes and fertility determination. The testosterone levels are prevalent in men during puberty when it peaks and often decreases over age. An increase in testosterone levels is associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and testicular issues in males.
Albumin is a protein present in blood plasma and plays a binding role similar to SHBG. Albumin is produced by the liver. Albumin will help to detect any issues in the functioning of the kidney or liver. It prevents the fluid in blood vessels from leaking out.
Free Androgen Index
Predominantly, testosterone has a significant function in men. Testosterone is bound to albumin and SHBG. Free Androgen Index (FAI) helps you detect any changes in the androgen levels of your body. FAI is calculated for those who suffer from PCOS or Hirsutism for checking any rise in non-protein bound testosterone.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is produced by the pituitary gland and is responsible for the growth as well as the development of male and female organs during puberty. FSH is primarily linked to egg development in females and sperm production in males. An increased FSH level in conjunction with Luteinizing Hormone can lead to infertility, low sex drive, and ovarian or testicular failure.
Oestradiol is a steroid hormone which is a type of estrogen produced by the ovaries. The function of Oestradiol is to maintain the menstrual cycle. Oestradiol is essentially called the female sex hormone as it is responsible for the growth and development of the female reproductive organs mainly breast tissues and also bone density. Oestradiol in males is present in lesser quantities for the function of other glands. Oestradiol is closely connected with Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone. The level of Oestradiol in females is highest during puberty and gradually decreases with age, especially after menopause.
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin is a protein present in the bloodstream. SHBG is produced by the liver. The role of SHBG is to bind testosterone and oestradiol for circulating in the tissues of the body. The concentration of SHBG is directly relative to the level of hormones in males or females. SHBG is checked to detect low levels of testosterone in males and high levels in females.
DHEA Sulphate is produced in the adrenal glands. DHEA Sulphate is important for the production of sex hormones namely testosterone and oestrogen. A DHEA Sulphate diagnosis can help detect adrenal disease or disorder.
Testosterone is either bound to the proteins or exists in its free form. Free testosterone does not need any transport protein to function effectively. If the free testosterone level is low, it indicates an underlying issue leading to decreased sex drive, anemia, etc.
Have you been feeling any of these symptoms lately?
The Male Hormone Blood Test is suitable for individuals experiencing one or more of the following symptoms:
1. Fatigue / Tiredness
2. Loss of sex drive
3. Erectile Dysfunction
4. Fertility issues
5. Inability to increase muscle mass
Additional Insight from Dr Sameer Nakedar, MBBS, MRCGP, PGCert
Hormones are essentially chemical messengers made by glands in your body. The various hormones play a vital role in keeping the human body healthy and functioning well.
Testosterone is a male sex hormone which naturally decreases with age. Abnormally low levels of this can affect sex drive, sleep, mood, muscle mass, and energy levels and cause increases in abdominal fat. Testosterone levels can also vary in the day at different times. Hormones work in a close network with each other. Although some may be higher in women, abnormal levels of other hormones can also impact male health.
Why take a test?
Male hormones are vital for sports performance. Hormones produced by the body affect muscular strength, mood changes as well as fertility. An increase or decrease in Testosterone can present a number of symptoms that need to be looked after. The most common one is linked with male infertility.
"This blood test can give you a picture of specific hormone levels in your body. For males, these levels can help you understand if you have abnormal levels, which may require further assessments and treatments to help with symptoms."
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