Female Fertility Test
- Luteinising Hormone (LH)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Oestradiol (Oestrogen)
Who is the test for
Luteinising Hormone (LH)
Luteinising Hormone (LH) is made by your pituitary gland and plays a vital role in healthy sexual function. In women, LH helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and ovulation. It is also critical when triggering the release of the eggs from the ovaries, and Luteinising Hormone levels increase significantly before ovulation. LH is essential when checking female fertility levels, as imbalanced LH levels can cause fertility issues in the long run.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is made in the pituitary glands and plays an essential role in sexual functioning. FSH is one of the gonadotropic hormones, the other being LH. FSH helps regulate the women's ovaries and stimulates the growth of ovarian follicles. FSH is also involved in oestradiol products. For this reason, FSH is part of Welzo's cutting edge female fertility home test due to its vital role in healthy female sexual function.
Oestradiol is a steroid hormone belonging to the oestrogen family, being the strongest of the three oestrogen related hormones. Its primary purpose in women is to maintain and regulate the female reproductive chain. Therefore it is vital to measure oestradiol levels when evaluating female fertility levels.
Progesterone is a hormone that plays an important role in the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. It helps to thicken the uterus lining, which is necessary for the implantation of the fertilised egg. Progesterone also helps to maintain the pregnancy by preventing contractions of the uterine muscles. Therefore its analysis is essential when testing female fertility levels.
Is this test for you?
If you are a woman of childbearing age, you may be considering a fertility test. There are many reasons why women may want to know if they are fertile. Some women may want to wait until they are ready to have children before starting a family. Others may want to ensure that they can still conceive after treatment for a medical condition.
What is a female fertility test?
Female fertility testing is a way to measure the chance of a woman getting pregnant. There are multiple ways to test female fertility. The most common tests are: hormone testing, ovulation testing, and ultrasound.
Hormone testing can be done with a blood test or a saliva test. Blood tests measure the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and oestradiol (E2). Saliva tests measure the levels of progesterone. Ovulation tests measure the levels of LH in urine. The most common ovulation tests are strips that are dipped in urine. Ovulation predictor kits (OPKs) are similar to pregnancy tests and measure the level of LH in urine. Ultrasound is a common fertility test for women. An ultrasound can be used to measure the thickness of the uterine lining, to look for blockages in the fallopian tubes, or to check the ovaries for cysts.
When trying to conceive, it is important to have regular fertility testing done. This will help to identify any potential fertility problems and to find the best treatment options.
Additional Insight from Dr Sameer Nakedar, MBBS, MRCGP, PGCert
FSH, LH and Prolactin are hormones secreted by the brain. Oestradiol is a hormone that plays an essential role in reproduction, helping the ovaries release an egg.
Follicle-stimulating hormone is released in the brain to stimulate the ovary to start making an egg and LH is required for the final maturation of the egg. Oestradiol stimulates the growth of these follicles in the womb for the lining. If these hormones are out of range completely, it could suggest that there’s something else going on in the body, including PCOS. But to get a true picture of fertility status, you’d want to do more testing.
Female Fertility Statistics
It is estimated that about 15% of couples in the United Kingdom have difficulty conceiving. The majority of these couples will eventually succeed in getting pregnant, often after trying for several months or years.
"There are many aspects to investigate in female fertility. Fertility is often influenced by hormones in the brain, for example, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
This panel investigates female fertility and is ideally taken between day 2 and day 5 of a menstrual cycle."
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