Cervical Cancer Treatment
How to treat cervical cancer
If cervical cancer has been identified in you, your doctor will collaborate with you to create the best treatment strategy possible. The stage of the cancer, your general health, and your preferences are among the many variables that will be taken into account when determining the best course of treatment.
For cervical cancer in its early stages, surgery is a common treatment option. The two most popular surgical procedures are referred to as radical hysterectomies and radical trachelectomies. The surgeon performs a radical hysterectomy, removing the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby lymph nodes. A radical trachelectomy involves the removal of the cervix, a portion of the vagina, and close-by lymph nodes by the surgeon.
High-energy rays are used in radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. It can be administered internally by putting radioactive material in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters in or near the cancer, or externally by directing the rays at your body from outside. Particularly for larger tumors, radiation therapy and surgery are frequently combined.
Drugs are used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells. The medications can also be taken orally, though they are typically administered intravenously (through a vein). When treating more advanced cervical cancers, chemotherapy is frequently combined with radiation therapy.
A more recent form of treatment called targeted therapy aims to kill specific cancer cells while sparing healthy ones. Sometimes targeted therapy is combined with chemotherapy and radiation treatment.