What Are the Symptoms of Depression?
Depending on the type of depression you have, your symptoms may change. However, general signs could be:
- Having a helpless, worthless, or hopeless feeling
- Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
- Not getting enough or too much sleep
- Constantly feeling exhausted
- An appetite loss or overeating
- Having issues focusing, making decisions, or recalling details
- Anxiety or restlessness
- Physical pain that persists despite treatment, such as back pain, stomachaches, or headaches
Consult your physician or a mental health professional as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms. Although it's a serious condition, depression can be treated.
Depression can strike at any age, but it frequently begins in adolescence or the first decade of adulthood.
Types of Depression
There are different types of depression, and it’s important to get the right diagnosis and treatment. Depression is treatable, and most people with depression feel better with medication, therapy or both.
Major depression is also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression. It’s characterized by severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat and enjoy life. An episode of major depression may occur only once in your lifetime, but more often, it recurs throughout your life.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
Persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia, is a less severe form of depression. But it lasts longer – at least two years. With persistent depressive disorder, you may have episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but your symptoms must last for at least two years to be considered persistent depressive disorder.
Depression in Bipolar
Because bipolar depression is characterized by mood swings or changes, it differs from other types of depression. Extreme highs (mania) and lows (depression) are common in people with bipolar depression. Depression symptoms are present during the low, or depressed, phase. Manic depression used to be another name for bipolar disorder.
A type of depression that occurs at the same time every year is known as seasonal depression, also referred to as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). It usually coincides with the seasonal transitions and starts and ends roughly at the same times every year. Wintertime, when there is less natural sunlight, is when seasonal depression is more prevalent.
One type of depression that can develop after having a baby is postpartum depression.
Severe depression coupled with psychosis, such as hallucinations or delusions, is known as psychotic depression. Major depressive disorder with psychotic features is another name for depression with psychosis.
A stressful life event, such as the death of a loved one, a divorce, a job loss, or even retirement, can trigger situational depression, also known as adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Situational depression typically lasts only a short while and disappears after the stressful event is over.
A subtype of major depressive disorder is atypical depression. Atypical depression has symptoms that are similar to other types of depression, but you may also experience the following:
- Enhanced appetite
-Feeling heavy in your legs or arms
-Concentration and attention issues
-Mood that elevates in response to good things happening