Seasonal Allergies

Reactions to airborne pollens and mold spores cause seasonal allergies, also referred to as allergic rhinitis or hay fever. While seasonal allergies can affect anyone at any age, they tend to affect kids and young adults the most. The timing of seasonal allergies sets them apart from other types of allergies, such as pet or food allergies. Allergies that are seasonal typically start in the spring and last through the summer and fall.

What are the Symptoms of Seasonal Allergies?

Seasonal allergy symptoms most frequently seen are as follows:

- Coughing

- A stuffy nose

- Nasal obstruction

- Red eyes

- Tearful eyes

- Sore throat

- A cough

Less frequent signs include:

- Otosclerosis

- Tiredness

- Migraine

- Wheezing and difficulty breathing

What Causes Seasonal Allergies?

An overreaction of the immune system to airborne pollens and mold spores results in seasonal allergies. When these particles come into contact with the nose and throat's cells, histamine and other chemicals are released. This results in the well-known symptoms of runny nose, itching, and sneezing.

Who is at Risk for Seasonal Allergies?

Seasonal allergies can affect anyone, but certain risk factors may increase a person's likelihood of developing them. These consist of:

- Age: Seasonal allergies can affect people of any age, but they are most frequent in children and young adults.

- Family history: Seasonal allergies, such as hay fever or asthma, are more prevalent in people with a family history of allergies.

- Allergen exposure: Seasonal allergies are more common in people who reside in areas with high concentrations of airborne pollen and mold spores.

- Other medical conditions: Individuals with eczema or asthma are more likely to experience seasonal allergies.

How are Seasonal Allergies Diagnosed?

On the basis of a person's symptoms and medical background, seasonal allergies are typically diagnosed. To check for symptoms of allergic reactions, such as nasal congestion or swelling, a physical examination may also be conducted.

How are Seasonal Allergies treated?

Seasonal allergies can be treated in a variety of ways. The most typical strategy is to treat symptoms with over-the-counter or prescription drugs. These consist of nasal corticosteroid sprays, decongestants, and antihistamines. Home remedies like saline nasal rinses or steam inhalation can also provide relief for some people. For those who do not respond well to other treatments, allergy shots may also be an option.

How can Seasonal Allergies be Prevented?

Seasonal allergies cannot be completely avoided, but there are some measures you can take to lessen your exposure to allergens. These consist of:

- Remaining inside on days when there is a lot of pollen

- Using a respirator or dust mask when outside.

- Refraining from lawn maintenance and other activities that spread pollen

- Shutting windows and doors

- Making use of an air purifier at home

- Don't let pollen get in your eyes by wearing sunglasses.

- After spending time outside, taking a shower and getting dressed

- Steering clear of fields and wooded areas with high pollen counts.

- Reviewing local weather reports and pollen counts.