What is a Prenatal Paternity Test?

What is a Prenatal Paternity Test?

cheek swab for dna testing for establishing paternity Prenatal paternity tests are used to determine the biological father of a child before the child is born. These tests can be done as early as nine weeks into the pregnancy and are often used to confirm paternity or to rule out potential fathers before the baby is born.

Types of prenatal paternity testing

There are several different methods for conducting prenatal paternity tests, including non-invasive and invasive testing.

Non-invasive test

Non-invasive prenatal paternity test involves analysing the mother's blood and the potential father's DNA sample to determine paternity. This type of testing is considered the safest option for the mother and the unborn child.

Order the Welzo Non-Invasive prenatal test here.

Invasive test

On the other hand, an invasive prenatal paternity test involves taking a sample of the unborn baby's DNA directly from the uterus. It is typically done through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS). While these tests are more accurate than non-invasive methods, they carry a small risk of miscarriage or other complications.


Why consider prenatal paternity testing?

One of the main advantages of prenatal paternity testing is that it allows parents to determine paternity before the child is born. This can be particularly important for couples considering whether or not to continue the pregnancy or those amid a custody or child support dispute. Prenatal paternity tests can also help resolve doubts or uncertainties and establish paternity before the child is born.

Read more: Everything you need to know about a pregnancy test.

How is the prenatal paternity testing process done?

Prenatal paternity tests are typically conducted by a medical professional, such as an obstetrician or a genetic counsellor. The process usually begins with the potential father providing a DNA sample, which can be a simple cheek swab sample. The mother will also need to undergo some medical procedure to obtain a sample of the unborn baby's DNA.

How accurate are prenatal paternity tests?

It's important to note that prenatal paternity tests are not 100% accurate. Non-invasive tests, in particular, may not always provide a definitive answer due to the small amount of foetal DNA in the mother's blood. Invasive testing methods, on the other hand, are typically more accurate, but they do carry a slight risk of complications.

Read more: When should I take an hCG blood test?

The takeaway

Prenatal paternity tests are a way for couples to determine the biological father of an unborn baby before giving birth. These tests can be conducted through non-invasive or invasive methods, which can help resolve paternity disputes or make important decisions about the pregnancy. However, it's essential to be aware that these tests are not always 100% accurate and may carry some risks.

Order a Pregnancy Process Blood Test from Welzo, shop here.

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